How to clean the bath with alcohol
The body of the patient with alcohol, alcohol, the evaporation of the body away from the heat of the body and to reduce the heat, this method is also known as the physical cooling method.
Rub bath method
Alcohol sponge bath cooling, sponge bath before the first to use ice packs placed at the head of the patient, to help cool, and can prevent a sponge bath when superficial vascular contraction, blood is concentrated in the head caused by too much congestion of the brain. Immersed in a small gauze 30% ~ 50% alcohol 200 ~ 300 ml, from the side of the neck to rub the back of the back of the upper arm, and then from the same side of the chest with the palm of the hand to rub the palm of the hand from the hip along the thigh to the foot, and then from the groin along the medial side of the thigh. Rub in the big blood vessels in the place such as the groin, armpit place focus massage, promote blood vessel expansion in order to heat. Rub the other side with the same method. Finally help the patient clean the back and limbs. Limbs, back rub 5 minutes. The same as 15-20 minutes when the whole body is clean. Towel dry skin after bath towel.
1 high fever, chills or sweating with the children, generally should not use rubbing alcohol. Because the chills when the skin capillaries in the state of contraction, less heat dissipation, such as reoccupy cold alcohol stimulation causes the blood vessels contract more, skin blood flow reduced, thus impeding the body heat of the sporadic.
2. High fever without chills and no sweat in children with alcohol sponge bath cooling can receive a certain effect, but should avoid catching cold and pneumonia. A site was once exposed, all parts can’t wipe exposed a part of. And in the process, because the skin is very fast cooling, can cause peripheral vasoconstriction and blood stasis. Must massage the patient limbs and trunk, in order to promote blood circulation, speed up the heat.
3 general should not be in the chest and abdomen for alcohol rub bath, so as to avoid internal organs and organs, causing discomfort and complicated by other diseases. Such as chest rub can cause reflex bradycardic rub abdominal catch cold catch cold, can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps and abdominal pain, wipe the occiput posterior can regulate heartbeat, respiration, blood pressure central, if too cold will cause serious consequences I soles of the feet of cold sensitive. Wipe with alcohol can cause heat production increase, the impact of heat.
Cold compress can make local capillary contraction, reduce local vascular congestion, inflammation, bleeding, pain, inflammation and purulent control, lower the body temperature.
Cold compress method
The cold way has two a is ice cold, in ice packs mounted L / 2 or 1 / 3 bag of crushed ice or cold water, to exhaust the air inside the bag, clip the bag is clamped on the patient’s forehead, armpit, thigh root, no ice, with a plastic bag. If used to reduce body temperature, but also can be used in a towel or gauze wrapped in ice. Another is wet and cold compress method, the towel or distribute soaked in cold water or ice water, wring dry after the defeat in the affected area, it is best to use 2 piece of cloth used interchangeably. 3 minutes every 5 minutes to replace a coating, a total of 15-20 minutes. Cold can be carried out in the back, limbs, Po fossa, fossa and groin, use dry towel after dressing at.
1 cold, to observe the local skin color, check whether local spots appear red or gray. When the skin appears blue, burning, numbness to immediately stop. The cold time should not be too long, so as not to affect the blood circulation. Not old, young, weak patient body cold.
2 cold, for a long time, so it becomes hot towel or spread, will lose the therapeutic effect, so often needs to change.
. contusion, laceration of muscles and internal bleeding disease patients, available at the start of the cold, 2-3 days in the recovery period, local edema formation, in order to promote blood circulation, should use hot compress.
4. The hot and cold compresses the two wet compress to according to the different condition and choose to use, but also to remember the treatment principle of different.
5., ear pillow ministry, scrotal skin is thin, small amount of blood circulation, cold easily form frostbite; measles in children with disabling whole body cryotherapy antipyretic, due to cold stimulation will make vasoconstriction of the peripheral circulation reduce, cause rashes plummeted. Because of rash is in the process of fever and sweating in fever vascular extension have to rash all through and toxins excluded, and therefore should not be the systemic application of cryotherapy.
How to clean the bath with alcohol