How to measure the number of breaths
Respiration is the exchange of gases between human body and environment is a necessary process, human through breathing in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide, in order to maintain the normal physiological functions and life activities. Normal adults breathe 16 to 20 times per minute, and the ratio of the respiratory and the pulse is 1:4, that is, every breath is 4 times. The respiratory rate is 20 to 30 times per minute, and the respiratory rate of the newborn is 44 times per minute.
1 measurement of breath best and measurement of the pulse at the same time. In general, the number of patients with chest and abdomen ups and downs can be. Can also be placed in the patient’s chest or abdomen examination.
2 of critically ill patients, available cotton in its nostrils, fluttering his breath is the number of times of cotton.
1, the speed of breath and spirit is a great relationship, so in the measurement of breathing, should let the patient quiet, don’t talk to the patient, so that the patient’s breathing naturally, in the patient unconsciously measurement.
2 in measurement, to pay attention to the depth of breathing, rhythm and there is no respiratory symptoms. If the breath stops, we should use the mouth to mouth breathing method to rescue.
3 respiratory disease, heart disease, high fever patients.
4, if the drug poisoning, breathing may slow down. If breathing is difficult or snoring, is a signal of danger.
5. If appear the deep breathing, nodding breathing, nasal flap, and exhale thoracic subsidence phenomenon of illness serious, to please consult a doctor.
6, the number of normal breathing is changed with age, in general, the younger the age, the faster the breathing.
How to measure the pulse
Under normal circumstances, the beating of the heart will produce a rhythm of the whole body, which is called a pulse. The normal pulse number is consistent with the beat frequency, and the rhythm is uniform and the interval is equal.
1 the pulse is easy to touch on the radial artery that is outside the palm of the hand, and can also measure the carotid artery or the femoral artery in the groin. Determination of pulse can be directly put in the area before the heart check.
2 in the measurement of the pulse, the patient should be quiet for a while, to avoid excessive excitement and activity and affect the accuracy of pulse measurement. Patients take supine or sitting position, arms in a comfortable position. Be Nobunao, measuring palm down, with index finger, middle finger, ring finger end pressure in patients with artery, the pressure is moderate, to can clearly detected pulse is appropriate, the measurement time is 1 minute, such as abnormal pulse should retest 1 times.
1 the number of pulses generally slow down with age, the baby can reach 130 ~ 50 times per minute, children 120 to 110 times per minute, 60 to 100 adults per minute. Adult pulse such as less than 60 times is a heart, such as more than 100 times is tachycardia. Physical activity or emotional excitement, the pulse can be temporarily increased, fever, the pulse is also increasing rapidly. Generally is the body temperature every 1 art, the pulse is increased by 10 ~ 20 times. But the typhoid exception, although such patients have a fever is very high, but the pulse is not fast, it is relative to the meridians. And anemia, hyperthyroidism and other patients, although not a fever, but also very fast pulse.
Two touch less than the pulse, the 2 thought that the heart stopped beating. But to pay attention to the reverse of the pulse, can be measured in the radial artery relative to the back side of the. If the heart stops beating, you must have a heart massage.
3, the normal pulse rhythm is regular, if the pulse faster to slow, or sometimes no, known as arrhythmia. If this phenomenon, should go to the hospital for examination and treatment.
4 do not use the thumb pulse, because of the thumb and the patient’s pulse beats small confused.