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Emergency treatment of stroke patients

Emergency treatment of stroke patients
People to old artery sclerosis, if the original hypertension, encounter complex emotion, anger, force or the morning after, headache, vomiting, paralyzed on one side, Kouyanwaixie, drooling, confusion, breathing snore or incontinence and other symptoms, should think of stroke. It is actually a mixture of cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral thrombosis.
Main symptoms
1, the performance of headache, dizziness, tinnitus aura, body numbness and nausea.
2 common clinical manifestations of stroke: coma, vomiting, hemiplegia, aphasia. However, the incidence of each patient is different, can be expressed as the following one or a few. Specific performance:
(1) disorder of consciousness suddenly coma light trance or lethargy, wake up and sleep soon.
(2) body weakness or numbness of the face, upper limb, lower limb sensory disturbance, there is a sense of ants, no pain.
(3) unilateral upper limb or lower limb movement is not flexible, can not lift the weight, Yang Shuaijiao.
(4) the language barrier suddenly do not speak fluent or speechless.
(5) the pupil changes the side of the side of a small, or the size of the tip of the needle, or the enlargement of the bilateral.
(6) understanding the ability to decline or sudden memory loss.
(7) visual impairment is not clear on one side of the eye.
(8) the rotation of the eyeball is not flexible.
(9) urinary incontinence.
(10) the imbalance of the balance, the standing is not stable.
First aid method
1, keep quiet, immediately patientsupine. In order to maintain airway patency, the head to one side, to prevent inhalation of the trachea sputum, vomit. If the patient in a coma, issued strong snoring, tongue has been falling, available a handkerchief or gauze bag to patients with tongue, gently pulled forward.
2, with buttons, agitated solution belt, the holder and the air flow over the quiet. Don’t push the patient, pad high pillow or shake the head of the patient. Can gently twist the patient’s skin, in order to check the unconscious reaction.
3, check the patient’s vital signs, such as breathing, heartbeat stop, should immediately do cpr.
4, if the patient vomiting should be let the face turned to one side, remove the denture in the mouth, and with a clean handkerchief series around the fingers and stuck it into the clearing vomits and to prevent airway obstruction, causing suffocation. Do not use a towel and other things through the mouth, impede breathing.
5, the prohibition of water absorption to the patient, in order to prevent the wrong person caused by choking. If the patient is dry, use a cotton swab dipped in boiling water to moisten the lips with temperature.
6 when the patient had a seizure, wrapped in a handkerchief to the sick people, in order to prevent the tongue. Also called the handkerchief rolled. Mat between the upper and lower teeth.
7 conditions can be significantly elevated blood pressure of oxygen, but he can give Qing Wei oral antihypertensive drugs.
8 when the weather is cold to keep warm, hot days should be cooling. The patient’s head covered with a cold towel, due to vasoconstriction in the cold, can reduce bleeding. For a coma patient, if the doctor’s head. Hypothermia can play a role in protecting the brain. Carefully placed in the disease
9, in order to prevent the increase in cerebral hemorrhage, should be as far as possible to the doctor to treat. If you need to be sent to the hospital, near the hospital. In transit, the vehicle should be as smooth as possible, reduce the bumps and vibrations, and the patient’s head slightly higher, the nurse should always pay attention to changes in the condition of the patient.