Category Archives: Tourism emergency

Go out to travel six essential first aid drugs

Summer, is the peak season for travel, so go out in the outside will be a little accident, so travel health is very important, carry a point commonly used in the preparation of drugs. In particular, the elderly and children, as well as their own people suffering from disease should pay more attention to the preparation of drugs and emergency supplies.
1, quick acting blood vessels – the onset of fast to help
Recommended drugs: nitroglycerin, Kyushin Pills.
Reminder: drug to carry or is told in advance where their accompanying family members placed drugs and the drug to complete with, spotted the shelf-life.
2, trauma medicine – rinse with a
The recommended medicine: bandage, sterile gauze, Yunnan Baiyao spray etc..
Reminder: the best water washed the wound before the band aid.
3, carsick medicine — take half an hour before the start of travel
The recommended medicine: Dramamine
Reminder: half an hour before taking the car, in order to ensure the effect after the car on the car.
4, anti intestinal infection drugs – – should not be used to send service
The recommended medicine: berberine, norfloxacin, Zhengchangsheng, smecta, yeast, etc..
Reminder: do not use fruit juice, beverages, drugs, the best use of warm water to take medicine.
5, anti allergy drugs – after adjusting the mood to consider taking medicine
Recommended medicines: anti-inflammatory antipruritic ointment external use medicine, do not choose the best ingredients containing hormones, if the medication effect is not good, can choose antihistamines such as flapping chlorpheniramine, loratadine, West cetirizine and so on.
Reminder: irritable mood can also cause skin itching and other symptoms, can adjust the mood but not to take medicine.
6, cold medicine – it is best not to bring granules
The recommended medicine: vitamin C Yinqiao Tablets, Riyebaifuning etc..
Reminder: do not recommend the use of drugs because the road is very likely because of water is not convenient to use, it is best to carry tablets or capsules, such as easy to take drugs.
Many elderly people are suffering from chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, diabetes and so on. So the old man out drugs must take the full, in addition to the need to take every day routine long-term drug also prepare emergency medicine, such as nitroglycerin, Suxiao Jiuxin Pill to avoid accidental, if chest pain and discomfort symptoms should be taken in a timely manner.
Note: be sure to check whether the drug expired before going out.
Journey in crowded because of the inevitable collision, scratches, etc., if only a small trauma, with simple band aid can play to prevent infection.
Journey in such as the emergence of the irresistible accident, need first aid and taken to hospital for treatment, do not blindly go to first time rushed to the hospital or professional rescue personnel, please, don’t go out because of the fear of trouble and delay in treatment.
Older drugs are needed in order to travel, can solve the rainy day, let our travel more secure, happy to enjoy the roadside scenery.

Keep a low profile, self protection

Keep a low profile, self protection
Hammered down, exposed rafters are rotten, I said, when the hard teeth, soft tongue. Soft than hard, doing nothing more than promising. Li Ka-shing, said keeping a low profile, to avoid companies could become a target of others. If you don’t show yourself, you do not mess with someone else’s hostile, others will not be able to capture your actual situation. Low-key is not in dispute, is not offensive, is avoided. In many cases, we don’t have everything, so everything to steal, or not for the benefit of a storm and was badly beaten. Honor humility before we learn to keep a low profile at the right time is not weakness and cringe, but a clever way of doing things, is the realm of great wisdom, life.
The so-called “low profile”, talking about our social intercourse of the peace, humility, tact and patience, and modality. In some cases, low profile to protect themselves and the vested interests against loss is essential.
Emperor Qin Shihuang terracotta warriors and horses Museum, a statue of was called “town of the treasure of the” stop before kneeling fire figurines there are many viewers for their moral posture of kneeling fire warriors and an exclamation point, the Guide says, kneeling fire warriors known as the Terra-Cotta Warriors in the essence, masterpiece of ancient Chinese sculpture. Look this one kneeling fire tomb figurines wear adorned with right overlapping part of knee-length dress, covered in black armor, Shin Shin guards, foot wear mouth block Alice pointed shoes right. Wan rounded bun. Left foot leg squat song. Erected right knee and right foot, toes inward, left side of the upper body slightly, her eyes bright, staring at the left front. Hands on the right side of the body with a crossbow-shaped. According to reports, the posture of kneeling fire call sitting. Two basic sitting and standing position was and Crossbow shooting action. Sitting shot steady Center of gravity, effort, easy to aim, and target small, is ideal for defensive or ambush shooting positions. Qin terracotta warriors and horses pits have been sprucing up figurines unearthed from more than more than 1000 so far, apart from the kneeling fire warriors,, there are varying degrees of damage, the need to manually fix. This statue of kneeling fire figurines are best preserved and the only one without a manual repair of the Terra Cotta Warriors, observe carefully, even the clothing line, hair is still clearly visible.
Kneeling fire warriors how to save so full? The Guide says, thanks to its low profile. First, kneeling fire figurine stands only 1. 2 meters, while ordinary standing warriors standing at 1. 8-1. 7 m. Monsters have a tall, pits are built underground tunnel-soil structure, and when the roof collapsed, when furniture, tall standing figures bear the brunt, and low profile kneeling fire damage to figurines, minimum. Second, Crouching kneeling kneeling fire warriors do, right foot, left foot three points of isosceles triangle supports the upper body, under gravity, strong border stability compared with the two standing standing figurine, more prone to tip over and broken. So, after more than 2000 years, Frost in, it still can complete appear in front of us.
By kneeling fire warriors in the thinking way of doing things. Young people often flamboyant young in early, they will not compromise, and may result in every turn. Green deep, knew the weight, to distinguish between primary and secondary, learned restraint, less publicity, not angry, concentrate. Like the kneeling fire warriors, keep life low profile, to avoid unnecessary controversy to avoid accidental injury, better protect themselves and develop their own, themselves.
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Fainting occurs first aid methods

Fainting occurs first aid methods
At the time of our life, sometimes there will be some unexpected things occur, is there will be some unexpected behavior encountered when it is more difficult to deal with, this time we are supposed to know that some methods, so that, if met, can also be good to end hunger, or relieve. Specifically if some sudden fainting condition we should know and will do some simple emergency treatment, this is a great deal of help, is right.

If this is the case in General, largely is caused by anemia due to temporary circumstances. Find a will in a very short period of time there is no consciousness. This time. Patients first, suddenly have the strength, but is particularly weak in erhai Lake, the eyes are black and white special skin and lips are pale. And limbs were to sudden chills, and sweating occurs. Some people had received some shock, or stop time is particularly long and is very likely the case.

Encounter such a case, we should do some processing. We should be patient to lie down at this time, we should use is lower, feet are a little high, so, can make the brain’s blood supply is increased, then keep warm, is the need for more quiet, you can feed them sugar water. After General do, be sober, and if not, is the need to rush to the hospital.

Shock first aid

Shock first aid

Fire shock due to serious wounds, Burns, electric shock, fractures, severe pain and haemorrhage caused by a life-threatening wounded, extremely dangerous and serious syndrome. Although some of the wounds that don’t directly kill, but if treatment time, which often caused severe shock can be fatal to people. Symptoms of shock are the lips and pale, Coolness of extremities, pulse weak, rapid breathing, sweating, apathy, thirsty, severe cases may appear unresponsive, or even not conscious or unconscious, and lip cyanosis of the extremities, limbs were cold, hazy as the pulse, blood pressure decreased, anuria. Main method is to prevent shock and shock:
1. On the fire as soon as possible to find and rescue the injured, properly wound, bleeding, pollution and pain reduction. Especially for fractures, joint injuries, and chunks of soft tissue injuries, to be well fixed in a timely manner. Everything external to a timely and effective manner to stop bleeding. Determine internal bleeding of the wounded and rushed to hospital for medical treatment.
2. The emergency medical evacuation of the wounded, to be placed in a safe and secure place, let the casualty supine rest and warm comfort and care, to remove the wounded mind of worries. After treating the injured people getting short rest, hospital treatment as soon as possible.
3. For wounded with severe pain and pain medication. Or ear pain, the injury the applicable parts of point selection and matching door God, pillow, adrenal gland, cortex inferior points.
4. Not unconscious or visceral injury-free the wounded, several times with a few drinks, such as soup, rice soup, hot tea or salt water and so on. In addition, to keep warm in winter, should pay attention to heatstroke in summer, conditions to replace wet clothing, the casualty supine, keep breathing smooth, if necessary, should also be done. Unconscious wounded acupuncture, Shi Xuan, clearance, Yongquan point to first aid.

Emergency treatment of febrile convulsion in children

Emergency treatment of febrile convulsion in children
Febrile convulsion is a common emergency in pediatric clinic. More than 6 months to 3 years of age, children often occur in the upper respiratory tract infection, the sudden rise in body temperature, the general performance of generalized convulsions, the duration is short, the recovery is fast, the majority of the prognosis is good, the general to school age is no longer, but about 40% of children will relapse. Children with recurrent seizures of the brain will be damaged, so the parents and kindergarten teachers should learn to master some of this knowledge, to prevent the occurrence of seizures and brain damage, reduce sequelae. Once the child in the home of high fever convulsions, do not panic, but in the following steps:
1, keep quiet and let children prostrate immediately
Face to the right, unlock the buttoned to facilitate breathing, timely removal of mucus in the nose, to prevent inhalation of vomit or other secretions and suffocate.
2, to prevent the child bitten tongue
Put your chopsticks around the cloth pad between the upper and lower molars, if trismus is not necessary to interpolation. Immediately with a finger down people, hegu.
3, physical cooling
Unlock the child’s collar, belt, wipe the head and neck, armpit and thigh with warm water or alcohol, can also be used to apply to large amount of cold water towel head cooling, but must not wet the chest and abdomen.
4, send medical examination
After the child to stop the seizure, and then sent to the hospital after the smooth breathing. If more than 5 minutes of the seizure can not be relieved, or repeated attacks in a short period of time, a serious illness, must be rushed to the hospital. In transit, pay attention to the nose and mouth exposed, straighten the neck to maintain airway patency. To closely observe the child’s complexion is pale, pale, shortness of breath is difficult, or even suspended. It should be noted that some parents lack of medical knowledge, a child will be at a loss what to do with the clothing ventilation, hurriedly wrapped the child to the hospital, but also a very tight package, very easy to cause the child nose by blocking the respiratory tract obstruction, suffocation and even death.

Emergency treatment of stroke patients

Emergency treatment of stroke patients
People to old artery sclerosis, if the original hypertension, encounter complex emotion, anger, force or the morning after, headache, vomiting, paralyzed on one side, Kouyanwaixie, drooling, confusion, breathing snore or incontinence and other symptoms, should think of stroke. It is actually a mixture of cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral thrombosis.
Main symptoms
1, the performance of headache, dizziness, tinnitus aura, body numbness and nausea.
2 common clinical manifestations of stroke: coma, vomiting, hemiplegia, aphasia. However, the incidence of each patient is different, can be expressed as the following one or a few. Specific performance:
(1) disorder of consciousness suddenly coma light trance or lethargy, wake up and sleep soon.
(2) body weakness or numbness of the face, upper limb, lower limb sensory disturbance, there is a sense of ants, no pain.
(3) unilateral upper limb or lower limb movement is not flexible, can not lift the weight, Yang Shuaijiao.
(4) the language barrier suddenly do not speak fluent or speechless.
(5) the pupil changes the side of the side of a small, or the size of the tip of the needle, or the enlargement of the bilateral.
(6) understanding the ability to decline or sudden memory loss.
(7) visual impairment is not clear on one side of the eye.
(8) the rotation of the eyeball is not flexible.
(9) urinary incontinence.
(10) the imbalance of the balance, the standing is not stable.
First aid method
1, keep quiet, immediately patientsupine. In order to maintain airway patency, the head to one side, to prevent inhalation of the trachea sputum, vomit. If the patient in a coma, issued strong snoring, tongue has been falling, available a handkerchief or gauze bag to patients with tongue, gently pulled forward.
2, with buttons, agitated solution belt, the holder and the air flow over the quiet. Don’t push the patient, pad high pillow or shake the head of the patient. Can gently twist the patient’s skin, in order to check the unconscious reaction.
3, check the patient’s vital signs, such as breathing, heartbeat stop, should immediately do cpr.
4, if the patient vomiting should be let the face turned to one side, remove the denture in the mouth, and with a clean handkerchief series around the fingers and stuck it into the clearing vomits and to prevent airway obstruction, causing suffocation. Do not use a towel and other things through the mouth, impede breathing.
5, the prohibition of water absorption to the patient, in order to prevent the wrong person caused by choking. If the patient is dry, use a cotton swab dipped in boiling water to moisten the lips with temperature.
6 when the patient had a seizure, wrapped in a handkerchief to the sick people, in order to prevent the tongue. Also called the handkerchief rolled. Mat between the upper and lower teeth.
7 conditions can be significantly elevated blood pressure of oxygen, but he can give Qing Wei oral antihypertensive drugs.
8 when the weather is cold to keep warm, hot days should be cooling. The patient’s head covered with a cold towel, due to vasoconstriction in the cold, can reduce bleeding. For a coma patient, if the doctor’s head. Hypothermia can play a role in protecting the brain. Carefully placed in the disease
9, in order to prevent the increase in cerebral hemorrhage, should be as far as possible to the doctor to treat. If you need to be sent to the hospital, near the hospital. In transit, the vehicle should be as smooth as possible, reduce the bumps and vibrations, and the patient’s head slightly higher, the nurse should always pay attention to changes in the condition of the patient.

How to compress

How to compress
Hot compress can make muscle relaxation, dilation of blood vessels, promote blood circulation, therefore, it has antiphlogistic, detumescence, relieving pain, reduce deep tissue congestion and maintain body temperature, it has anti-inflammatory effect.
Hot compress method
Hot compress method has two kinds: one is the dry heat therapy, with a hot water bag for hot compress, water temperature of 60 to 70 Eve joy, C, to the back of the hand test temperature not too hot is appropriate. Coma or local sensory paralysis patients and the elderly, children, when hot temperature should be withered to 50 Eve joy, C, will be hot water irrigation to the hot water bag 1 / 2 or 1 / 3 can discharge air in the bag, tighten the screw cap, put into the cloth sleeve or with a towel wrapped Hsueh, on the diseased parts. For the elderly and children, hot water bag can not be in direct contact with the skin, salt, rice or sand fried hot into a bag, instead of hot water bottle. Usually hot compress 20 ~ 30 minutes, every 3 to 4 times. Another hot compress is heat therapy, namely the towel soaked in hot water, wring to the Banzai after folding, compress temperature measured by hand, to hot for the degree, apply on the diseased part, outside the hot towel can then cover a layer of towels or cotton pad, to retain more heat. Generally every 3 to 5 minutes to replace a towel, preferably with two towel used. Each hot compress time is 15 to 20 minutes; the number of 3 to 4 times a day. After winter wet compress, the patient should go out more than half an hour later, in order to prevent a cold.
Note
1. No matter what kind of hot compress method should prevent burns, especially children, coma patients and the elderly, and blood circulation of the paralysis, diabetes and nephritis not 26 or feel insensitive patients. Use hot compress, should always check the changes of local skin, such as red scar, should immediately stop.
2. Hot compress as therapy combined with application to early cloth swollen, sty, arthritis, dysmenorrhea, cold induced abdominal pain and low back and leg pain. However, when the abdomen of undiagnosed, such as acute appendicitis, the face or mouth purulent infection, various visceral hemorrhage, early joint sprain, soft tissue contusion of early (within 48 hours of) edema, disable the hot compress. The hot compress is contraindicated in patients with shock.

First aid supplies

First aid supplies
Is often in time and place in the people is difficult to surprise attack acute disease, is common to the family first aid box, it is impossible to carry it to the attack of the accident site. The following introduction of the use of several emergency supplies, we can come in handy in the emergency disposal.
1, can be used for emergency disposal in stockings bandage or with tourniquet.
2 tie can fracture fixation splint bandage or with tourniquet.
3 new towels can be used as a handkerchief, bleeding bleeding, but also can be used for cold wet packing.
Handkerchief boil for 15 minutes or 4 irons full after ironing can be used for disinfection with gauze.
As the spatula 5 chopsticks, spoon emetic.
Magazine, 6, ruler, thick paper, umbrella stick, it can make a splint in fracture.
How to carry the wounded
When someone was hurt or suffering from acute severe, in addition to take the corresponding emergency measures in the field, but also as soon as the injury the patient is transported to the hospital for treatment. Take the correct way of handling of the patient, is one of the important measures to save the patient ‘s, not the right way to move, give patients bring serious results.
Handling patient preparation
The patient do the necessary emergency disposal 1 before moving.
2 for stretchers and blankets and other supplies.
3 thought the most reasonable handling of the position of the patient.
4 to relax the patient’s clothes, but to keep warm.
5 to transfer patient’s assistant.
6, way resolution handling patient.
Handling patient way
1. Take the disease to help lower extremity injury patients, will the patient’s finger in the rescue personnel shoulder fracture patients can not use this way to carrying).
. holding handling this method commonly used in short interval ambulance, applicable to lighter weight babies or patients (patients with spinal cord injury or fracture is not applicable to this method handling).
3 bear handling for longer interval handling (not for loss of consciousness and fracture patients)
. with a blanket or sheet handling spread their blankets and sheets under the patient body. Tuochuang walked single file, or the patient wrapped and handling.
5 arm X arm with handling, let the patient sit up.
6 stretcher stretcher handling is the most commonly used tool for transporting the sick and wounded. Simple stretcher can be temporarily manufactured, commonly used door plank, wood, bamboo bed, clothes, chairs, etc..
Will ordinary sick and wounded onto the stretcher, one with a hand cradling the sick and wounded of the head and shoulders, another on the other one hand to hold the waist buttocks of a hand cradling the sick and wounded, the other hand cradling the wounded knee, two people also will hurt patient move, gently on the stretcher. When walking, the stretcher step to harmony and action should be consistent, in front of people step left foot, behind the people step the right foot, smooth moving.
Suspected with thoracic and lumbar fractures of the sick and wounded, stop hold in, a person moving double move carry, due to such handling easy aggravating spinal cord injury, and by the 3 with lifting, a boosting the scapular and help live service ministry and hip, other people help the extension and and rope of the two lower limbs, 3 people act at the same time the wounded quietly inserts. To the late plate stretcher. When the supine position, to the foot of the foot service with a high of about 10 cm of small pillow pad pad.
Of cervical spine injuries of the sick and wounded to special care, handling a don’t be careful have may lead to the formation of the risk, to a stretcher handling, 3-4 people should move together, the one jurisdictional head traction fixed, the head and trunk line position has always insisted, maintain the neck does not move. Another 2 people occupy the trunk, a stall of lower limb, with a harmonic motion will hurt patient straight lift onto the stretcher, and in the neck delegated a small pillow, head around on both sides of the cushion or a sandbag fixed.