Category Archives: First aid knowledge

First aid common sense

First aid common sense
We are in work and life, from time to time will encounter trauma. Damage to the skin, blood vessels and nerves, fractures, and so will inevitably lead to bleeding. Accounts for about one’s circulating blood volume weight of 8%, and the blood loss was less than the total blood volume 5% (200 ~ 300 ml), the body can be automatically compensated; blood loss more than 20% of total blood volume (about 800 ~ 1000 ml), the injured have pale, indifference, limb cold, as well as the rapid shallow breath symptoms, early into the shock. Once the blood loss too fast, especially acute massive blood loss, the injured not the positive and effective first aid, there will be life-threatening. The consequences of acute bleeding is very serious, therefore, to stop bleeding is an important measure to rescue the wounded, to save the lives of the wounded has a special significance. The author teaches you a few strokes on the spot to stop bleeding quickly first aid method.
1, the scene how to quickly stop bleeding?
(1) bundled with tourniquet hemostasis. If there is no tourniquet around, can use wire, cloth, rope, rubber band and other bundled hemostasis.
(2) can be used to stop bleeding by pressing, pressing, etc..
Pressure: when I saw the wound bleeding, immediately hold the bleeding area by hand, this is the compression hemostasis, compression hemostasis and divided into two kinds. One is the direct oppression of the wound, whether with a clean gauze or other cloth items directly in the bleeding area, can effectively stop bleeding. Another is acupressure hemostasis and finger pressure in the bleeding artery proximal adjacent bone, blocking blood supply source, in order to reach the purpose of hemostasis. When looking for the point of oppression with the index finger or ring finger, do not use the thumb, because the middle of the thumb has a gross artery, easy to cause miscarriage of justice. When the arterial compression point is found, then change the thumb to press or a few fingers at the same time pressing.
Two pack: no matter what kind of bleeding, and ultimately to be used to solve the bandage. The material used is a gauze, bandage, elastic bandage, or a clean cloth or a pad made of cotton fabric. The principle of dressing is to cover the first package, the intensity is moderate. After the first cover, cover the wound on the first cover (large enough, enough thick cotton fabric liner), and then use a bandage or triangular bandage. After the completion of the dressing to check the tightness, moderate intensity of the bandage to stop bleeding is effective.
2, the use of tourniquet hemostasis when bound to pay attention to what?
(1) the tourniquet should be tied to the proximal end of the wound, the upper arm and thigh should be tied to the 1/3 site. Arm in the 1 / 3 position can not be the use of a tourniquet. In order to avoid oppression of radial nerve injury, caused by upper limb paralysis; below the mid thigh level should not be used, thigh below the middle of the artery was located deep, not easy compression lived, sometimes not enough pressure, no pressure deflated artery and only pinned the venous reflux, bleeding but more, and they will cause limb swelling and necrosis.
(2) tourniquet must use pad to protect the skin, smooth skin can not be directly tied to. The tightness of the tourniquet to moderate, to touch to the distal pulses and the cessation of bleeding is appropriate, not too tight, so as not to hurt the nerve, also can not be too loose, only to suppress venous return, bleeding but more.
(3) tourniquet limb should be well protected, special attention should be paid to warm in winter, to avoid frostbite.
(4) to be elastic tourniquet bleeding is appropriate, as far as possible in the 1~2 hours were rushed to the hospital. This method is effective, but it is easy to damage the body, and it affects the late recovery. So, every 30~50 minutes to relax a tourniquet, relax for 2~5 minutes each time. At this time, but also with finger wound, avoid large hemorrhage.
The 3 time is too long, tight binding tourniquet what risk?
Improper binding and hemostasis can cause distal limb ischemia and necrosis. In the clinical work often encounter some injured patients, wire, cloth, rope, rubber band and the injured limb above the strapping hemostatic came to the hospital, the doctor to the patient examination was injured when, often found due to bundling too tight or binding in the wrong place, tying the skin, nerves, blood vessels and muscle damage, serious induced ischemic necrosis of the distal limb.
If bundles have been more than 9 hours the wounded to transport to the hospital, doctors generally do not immediately relaxing tourniquet. Due to the distal limb survival is no longer possible, necrotic cells will release toxic materials potassium ion, myoglobin, and peptide limb at this time if the release, these toxic substances will with vein into the whole body, poisoning, can lead to cardiac arrest and sudden death. So, unless it is necessary, you can use other methods to stop the bleeding.
4, other magical tourniquet
Summer is the season of snakes, scorpions, centipede snake very active, outdoor travel once bitten by a snake, should take timely remedial actions. First, don’t panic run, acuteness activity will accelerate the blood circulation, accelerate the body of toxins absorption, increased symptoms of poisoning; then quickly with a tourniquet or string in from the wound 5-10 cm strapping, prevent the spread of toxin in the body, to suck the poison out, with water or tea wash the wound, and quickly sent to the hospital.
Anyway, in the normal working life, if the occurrence of physical injury bleeding, we can according to the emergency treatment, if the situation is serious, should promptly to the hospital by the medical staff to professional treatment, avoid illness of incur loss through delay cause greater damage.

Acute heart attack first aid

Acute heart attack first aid

According to statistics, China has 70% heart patients are unable to get proper and timely rescue died at home or in the field, and how such data is shocking. Heart attack suddenly, first aid must race against time, if the heart stops for 20 seconds, people will lose consciousness; 1 minute later stopped breathing; after 4-6 minutes of oxygen will cause irreversible damage to the brain and causes death, it is necessary to learn some basic first aid skills.

1, acute myocardial infarction
Acute myocardial infarction is a common symptom of heart disease, the patient of the pain the same as angina, symptoms and consequences much more serious than angina. Long duration of acute myocardial infarction, severe, patients definitely have to rest in bed, loose neckline, keep quiet and air ventilation. If a condition of the oxygen. Patients can sublingual nitroglycerin 1 piece or Isosorbide dinitrate 1 to 2 tablets, and immediately call a first-aid center. It is noteworthy that when patients do not take the bus or help a patient walk to hospitals, prevent exacerbations.
2, heart failure
Sudden breathing difficulties of patients with congestive heart failure, the patient must have a quiet rest, preferably half-lying position, two-foot drop, is eligible for an immediate oxygen, patients with heart failure will not be given, should be sent to hospital for medical treatment as soon as possible.
3, transient shock
Brief shock patients in four minutes without oxygen, and prone to sudden death phenomenon for more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery. Patients should be gently down on the bed to increase blood flow, and let the patient sublingual Isosorbide dinitrate or lean upon pills and other drugs. Rhythmically tapping the heart with his fist, tap 2 to 3 times in a row, fists raised off the chest of 20 to 30 cm, rap makes the heart is stimulated, then artificial respiration, if conditional can let patients with oxygen.
Cardiac arrest, 4
No matter what the causes of respiratory and cardiac arrest patients, is the most dangerous man of life, are most in need of emergency assistance. The brain needs a lot of oxygen, breathing and heartbeat stopped, soon hypoxia of the brain, within 4 minutes, with half the brain cells are damaged; if patients in disease outbreaks within 4 minutes, can be effective first-aid measures, recovery rate of 50%, that 4 minute is called life-saving “Gold 4 minutes.” For more than 5 minutes and then the purpose of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, only one-fourth people might save every minute, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation success rate will drop from 7% to 10%, if more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation the patient must first lie, must be in a hard place, there was no problem in the ground, tapping his chest rhythmically with his fists hard left nipple inside (the heart), tapping two or three times in a row, fist raised 20~30 cm in the chest, after tapping, cardiac stimulation, can sometimes restore autonomy to beat. And then immediately the mouth-to-mouth and chest compressions, using manual methods for loop, each after 15 heart compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
Patients at the time of onset, before the heart stops beating to lose consciousness for a few seconds, try to save themselves, don’t hesitate to cough and cough can stimulate the heart just stopped, back beat. There are many types of heart disease, heart attack first aid measures are different, only master correct heart first aid can be in times of crisis to save a patient’s life.

Emergency treatment of stroke patients

Emergency treatment of stroke patients
People to old artery sclerosis, if the original hypertension, encounter complex emotion, anger, force or the morning after, headache, vomiting, paralyzed on one side, Kouyanwaixie, drooling, confusion, breathing snore or incontinence and other symptoms, should think of stroke. It is actually a mixture of cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral thrombosis.
Main symptoms
1, the performance of headache, dizziness, tinnitus aura, body numbness and nausea.
2 common clinical manifestations of stroke: coma, vomiting, hemiplegia, aphasia. However, the incidence of each patient is different, can be expressed as the following one or a few. Specific performance:
(1) disorder of consciousness suddenly coma light trance or lethargy, wake up and sleep soon.
(2) body weakness or numbness of the face, upper limb, lower limb sensory disturbance, there is a sense of ants, no pain.
(3) unilateral upper limb or lower limb movement is not flexible, can not lift the weight, Yang Shuaijiao.
(4) the language barrier suddenly do not speak fluent or speechless.
(5) the pupil changes the side of the side of a small, or the size of the tip of the needle, or the enlargement of the bilateral.
(6) understanding the ability to decline or sudden memory loss.
(7) visual impairment is not clear on one side of the eye.
(8) the rotation of the eyeball is not flexible.
(9) urinary incontinence.
(10) the imbalance of the balance, the standing is not stable.
First aid method
1, keep quiet, immediately patientsupine. In order to maintain airway patency, the head to one side, to prevent inhalation of the trachea sputum, vomit. If the patient in a coma, issued strong snoring, tongue has been falling, available a handkerchief or gauze bag to patients with tongue, gently pulled forward.
2, with buttons, agitated solution belt, the holder and the air flow over the quiet. Don’t push the patient, pad high pillow or shake the head of the patient. Can gently twist the patient’s skin, in order to check the unconscious reaction.
3, check the patient’s vital signs, such as breathing, heartbeat stop, should immediately do cpr.
4, if the patient vomiting should be let the face turned to one side, remove the denture in the mouth, and with a clean handkerchief series around the fingers and stuck it into the clearing vomits and to prevent airway obstruction, causing suffocation. Do not use a towel and other things through the mouth, impede breathing.
5, the prohibition of water absorption to the patient, in order to prevent the wrong person caused by choking. If the patient is dry, use a cotton swab dipped in boiling water to moisten the lips with temperature.
6 when the patient had a seizure, wrapped in a handkerchief to the sick people, in order to prevent the tongue. Also called the handkerchief rolled. Mat between the upper and lower teeth.
7 conditions can be significantly elevated blood pressure of oxygen, but he can give Qing Wei oral antihypertensive drugs.
8 when the weather is cold to keep warm, hot days should be cooling. The patient’s head covered with a cold towel, due to vasoconstriction in the cold, can reduce bleeding. For a coma patient, if the doctor’s head. Hypothermia can play a role in protecting the brain. Carefully placed in the disease
9, in order to prevent the increase in cerebral hemorrhage, should be as far as possible to the doctor to treat. If you need to be sent to the hospital, near the hospital. In transit, the vehicle should be as smooth as possible, reduce the bumps and vibrations, and the patient’s head slightly higher, the nurse should always pay attention to changes in the condition of the patient.

First aid for patients with acute myocardial infarction

First aid for patients with acute myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction is a sharp decrease or interruption of coronary blood supply, leading to severe acute myocardial ischemia, cause myocardial necrosis of the disease, often occur in the elderly over 40 years of age, of which the male incidence is higher than women. The disease is accompanied by hypertension, angina, obesity, diabetes, etc.. The most common wells in the disease are heart failure, cardiac shock and cardiac arrhythmia.
Main symptoms
Myocardial infarction occurs, the patient felt a sudden severe precordial pain, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, melancholy sense, complexion is cadaverous, limbs, hair cool, thready and rapid pulse, serious will happen shock. If not timely rescue, the patient often died within 2 hours after onset.
Interest saving method
1. Myocardial infarction occurred during the first few hours is the most dangerous period, should according to the illness makes the patient lying on the bed, on the table or on the floor to rest on the spot, do not move or helped patients to walk. Family members must not panic hectic, prohibited immediately move, but should be notified as soon as the doctor came to the rescue.
1 to the patient’s tongue containing 1 – 2 or 2 pieces of nitrite, with a handkerchief after crushing to the patient’s nose can also be taken by the mouth of the crown and the heart of the Su Wan Wan Wan Wan 1 or 10 pills, while 5 mg of diazepam tablets.
. to observe the changes of the patient’s pulse and respiration, consciousness, once with a weak pulse, heartbeat can’t hear, breathing stops should be immediately chest cardiac massage and mouth to mouth resuscitation until adhere to the doctor to come.

How to compress

How to compress
Hot compress can make muscle relaxation, dilation of blood vessels, promote blood circulation, therefore, it has antiphlogistic, detumescence, relieving pain, reduce deep tissue congestion and maintain body temperature, it has anti-inflammatory effect.
Hot compress method
Hot compress method has two kinds: one is the dry heat therapy, with a hot water bag for hot compress, water temperature of 60 to 70 Eve joy, C, to the back of the hand test temperature not too hot is appropriate. Coma or local sensory paralysis patients and the elderly, children, when hot temperature should be withered to 50 Eve joy, C, will be hot water irrigation to the hot water bag 1 / 2 or 1 / 3 can discharge air in the bag, tighten the screw cap, put into the cloth sleeve or with a towel wrapped Hsueh, on the diseased parts. For the elderly and children, hot water bag can not be in direct contact with the skin, salt, rice or sand fried hot into a bag, instead of hot water bottle. Usually hot compress 20 ~ 30 minutes, every 3 to 4 times. Another hot compress is heat therapy, namely the towel soaked in hot water, wring to the Banzai after folding, compress temperature measured by hand, to hot for the degree, apply on the diseased part, outside the hot towel can then cover a layer of towels or cotton pad, to retain more heat. Generally every 3 to 5 minutes to replace a towel, preferably with two towel used. Each hot compress time is 15 to 20 minutes; the number of 3 to 4 times a day. After winter wet compress, the patient should go out more than half an hour later, in order to prevent a cold.
Note
1. No matter what kind of hot compress method should prevent burns, especially children, coma patients and the elderly, and blood circulation of the paralysis, diabetes and nephritis not 26 or feel insensitive patients. Use hot compress, should always check the changes of local skin, such as red scar, should immediately stop.
2. Hot compress as therapy combined with application to early cloth swollen, sty, arthritis, dysmenorrhea, cold induced abdominal pain and low back and leg pain. However, when the abdomen of undiagnosed, such as acute appendicitis, the face or mouth purulent infection, various visceral hemorrhage, early joint sprain, soft tissue contusion of early (within 48 hours of) edema, disable the hot compress. The hot compress is contraindicated in patients with shock.

How to clean the bath with alcohol

How to clean the bath with alcohol
The body of the patient with alcohol, alcohol, the evaporation of the body away from the heat of the body and to reduce the heat, this method is also known as the physical cooling method.
Rub bath method
Alcohol sponge bath cooling, sponge bath before the first to use ice packs placed at the head of the patient, to help cool, and can prevent a sponge bath when superficial vascular contraction, blood is concentrated in the head caused by too much congestion of the brain. Immersed in a small gauze 30% ~ 50% alcohol 200 ~ 300 ml, from the side of the neck to rub the back of the back of the upper arm, and then from the same side of the chest with the palm of the hand to rub the palm of the hand from the hip along the thigh to the foot, and then from the groin along the medial side of the thigh. Rub in the big blood vessels in the place such as the groin, armpit place focus massage, promote blood vessel expansion in order to heat. Rub the other side with the same method. Finally help the patient clean the back and limbs. Limbs, back rub 5 minutes. The same as 15-20 minutes when the whole body is clean. Towel dry skin after bath towel.
Note
1 high fever, chills or sweating with the children, generally should not use rubbing alcohol. Because the chills when the skin capillaries in the state of contraction, less heat dissipation, such as reoccupy cold alcohol stimulation causes the blood vessels contract more, skin blood flow reduced, thus impeding the body heat of the sporadic.
2. High fever without chills and no sweat in children with alcohol sponge bath cooling can receive a certain effect, but should avoid catching cold and pneumonia. A site was once exposed, all parts can’t wipe exposed a part of. And in the process, because the skin is very fast cooling, can cause peripheral vasoconstriction and blood stasis. Must massage the patient limbs and trunk, in order to promote blood circulation, speed up the heat.
3 general should not be in the chest and abdomen for alcohol rub bath, so as to avoid internal organs and organs, causing discomfort and complicated by other diseases. Such as chest rub can cause reflex bradycardic rub abdominal catch cold catch cold, can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps and abdominal pain, wipe the occiput posterior can regulate heartbeat, respiration, blood pressure central, if too cold will cause serious consequences I soles of the feet of cold sensitive. Wipe with alcohol can cause heat production increase, the impact of heat.
How cold
Cold compress can make local capillary contraction, reduce local vascular congestion, inflammation, bleeding, pain, inflammation and purulent control, lower the body temperature.
Cold compress method
The cold way has two a is ice cold, in ice packs mounted L / 2 or 1 / 3 bag of crushed ice or cold water, to exhaust the air inside the bag, clip the bag is clamped on the patient’s forehead, armpit, thigh root, no ice, with a plastic bag. If used to reduce body temperature, but also can be used in a towel or gauze wrapped in ice. Another is wet and cold compress method, the towel or distribute soaked in cold water or ice water, wring dry after the defeat in the affected area, it is best to use 2 piece of cloth used interchangeably. 3 minutes every 5 minutes to replace a coating, a total of 15-20 minutes. Cold can be carried out in the back, limbs, Po fossa, fossa and groin, use dry towel after dressing at.
Note
1 cold, to observe the local skin color, check whether local spots appear red or gray. When the skin appears blue, burning, numbness to immediately stop. The cold time should not be too long, so as not to affect the blood circulation. Not old, young, weak patient body cold.
2 cold, for a long time, so it becomes hot towel or spread, will lose the therapeutic effect, so often needs to change.
. contusion, laceration of muscles and internal bleeding disease patients, available at the start of the cold, 2-3 days in the recovery period, local edema formation, in order to promote blood circulation, should use hot compress.
4. The hot and cold compresses the two wet compress to according to the different condition and choose to use, but also to remember the treatment principle of different.
5., ear pillow ministry, scrotal skin is thin, small amount of blood circulation, cold easily form frostbite; measles in children with disabling whole body cryotherapy antipyretic, due to cold stimulation will make vasoconstriction of the peripheral circulation reduce, cause rashes plummeted. Because of rash is in the process of fever and sweating in fever vascular extension have to rash all through and toxins excluded, and therefore should not be the systemic application of cryotherapy.

Household autotherapy five

Household autotherapy five
If you feel ill at home, teach you some small way, you can try.
1, the application of tea tea in the tannic acid is a kind of astringent. Can use tea feet to keep their feet dry, reduce odor. The specific method is 500 grams of water and tea and cook for 15 minutes, then pour 12500 grams of water, add foot soak for 20 minutes. 1 times a day, 1 times a day, first times a day. Tea also has the role of treatment of ulcers. For the ulcer, available tea hot, 1 times, 5 to 10 minutes, 3 ~ 4 hours 1.
Application: 2 Ice worms, available ice friction repeatedly in the affected area. If a toothache, more effective treatment method is the gauze wrapped around the ice, the triangle between the thumb and forefinger with muscle tissue gently rub for 5 minutes, can be repeated many times.
3 ginger ginger can be used for the treatment of vomiting and cold, ginger tea is acceptable for most people. The production methods of 3-4 slice ginger, 2 cups water to boil, put to moderate drinking. Because ginger can promote the body to sweat, accelerate the The new supersedes the old., so drink ginger tea can relieve cold symptoms. In addition, bronchitis, ginger tea also has a role! Method is no hot ginger tea small towel wrung out, and then placed in the chest until cool at this time to pay attention to. Don’t take ginger placed directly in the chest, which can make the patients feel uncomfortable stimulus.
Application of 4 edible soda with edible soda can take a shower, treatment of skin diseases such as chicken pox rash, is also effective against mosquito bites. The method is, every 1000 grams of water 2 teaspoon baking soda, or add half a cup of baking soda in bath salts. But remember, take a shower with soda will make the skin dry, infants should be used with caution.
5 pepper’s winter, people often feel cold feet. If you want to warm up, you might as well put some pepper in the socks, which will make the foot a warm feeling, but there is a certain sense of shaving.
These family therapy is generally effective. But to pay attention, the vast majority of family therapy is temporary. If symptoms of more than 1 days have not been relieved, or become more, then you should go to the hospital for medical treatment.
How to take off the clothes of the injured person
Sometimes need to take off the injured person’s clothes to expose the injured part, in order to carry out the correct judgment and the appropriate first aid. Strip should try to avoid strong or violent movements, depending on actual need as little as possible off, to respect seriously sick and to protect the privacy. Try not to damage the injured person’s clothing, if you need to cut off, should be as far as possible along the suture Department cut open.
1, a hand off boots or shoes heel, carefully put the shoes off. If wearing no zipper boots, boots available after knife cut open along the seam.
2 take off socks socks if difficult to take off, can be inserted into the finger and the middle finger and legs with socks. Pull up your socks and cut it off with a pair of scissors along the two finger.
3 take off pants pants from the waist down, to expose the thigh or rolled up his pants, exposing the lower leg and knee. If necessary, can cut the pants inside seam.
4. Take off your jacket or shirt help from injury, first his coat fade to the shoulder, the uninjured side of the bend your arm, from the side to take off, then the injured side of the arm from sleeve prolapse and arms as far as possible to keep straight.
5 take off the helmet and keep it in the head. But the helmet to prevent breathing, the wounded have vomiting, head injury, etc., will hinder the injured breathing or artificial respiration. Should be as far as possible from the wounded to the helmet, it is impossible, should be two people cooperation and safety of the helmet, and to ensure that there is one person in the head and neck.

How to call for help

How to call for help
In a critical situation, the first call to seek help.
Emergency telephone service: 120 (emergency center), 119 (fire), 110 (Public Security Bureau police station).
Language must be concise, accurate and important to make an emergency call, it must be clear, do not speak, to avoid delay valuable time. The telephone in general to clarify the following points:
1 patient families or the onset of a detailed address and telephone number, waiting for the exact location of the ambulance, the best is in a clearly visible signs.
2. The patient’s gender, age, the most critical condition, such as disorientation, fainted in, before the heart area pain, bleeding, breathing difficulties, the patient’s disease, process and treatment.
3 if it is an accident also need to explain the nature of injury, the number of injured, such as a car accident, there are 3 car accident, road block, 4 people were injured, etc..
Related rescue personnel will be based on the above for help, to carry the emergency medicine, equipment, and timely and accurate rushed to the scene, the rapid rescue.
Emergency patients at home to do what to do
Emergency 120 staff visits often encountered such a situation, family members to see the pain of the patient’s appearance, very anxious, but is helpless, do not know what should be done. The following practices can be taught in patients with family members of the patient is not disorderly and orderly, the patient is in the early stage of rescue and care.
1, the need for blood pressure, the family to help the patient a sleeve to take off the ECG when you need to do a warm wet towel, do not squeeze the water.
2. Such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, Meniere’s syndrome disease, possibly vomiting, should prepare 2 ~ 3 in a plastic bag and a roll of toilet paper for the patient.
3, such as patients with not clear, family members should help medical personnel to the head of the patient, so as not to cause suffocation.
4, lift the patient to go downstairs, the head of the foot, head in the back, head upstairs. After the foot in the back, as far as possible to reach the balance position, lift the ambulance is also the head of the first, in order to observe the patient’s condition changes.
5, cold, ready to quilt, hat, scarf, for heating.
6, before the ambulance is not to, should be more comfort in patients, reduce the tension of patients, delay the onset of disease.
7, patients with the need to size, in the medical staff before the arrival, should be on the place, lest move to aggravate the condition.

Soins d’urgence l’attention de la famille 10

Soins d’urgence l’attention de la famille 10
1. Note stocker d’urgence des pansements, la période de validité de la médecine d’urgence et de désinfectants topiques en général, la période de validité de pansement stérile pour 1 semaine, le délai pour l’administration par voie orale doit être indiqué dans la description de prendre.
2. Lorsque les membres d’une lésion vasculaire, un garrot, avant d’être soulevé du membre blessé, d’encourager la pleine de reflux veineux, ainsi que la validité de la ligature de garrot, généralement au – delà de l’extrémité de la pulsatilité artérielle juste disparaître comme standard.
3. L’apparition de l’abdomen, ne peut pas être pris d’analgésiques opioïdes, afin de ne pas masquer la maladie, de diagnostic et de traitement de retard.
4. La diarrhée chez des patients ne peut pas être arbitraire de vêtements antidiarrhéique (tels que vous arrêtez), et un médicament anti – inflammatoire (par exemple de l’application combinée de Coptis câble), ce qui permettra de l’inflammation intestinale accrue.
5. Des antécédents d’hypertension, si subitement tombé dans le coma, hémorragie cérébrale d’urgence peut survenir, attention ne doit pas être libre de secouer la tête d’appel, afin de ne pas aggraver une hémorragie cérébrale, de sorte que le patient en position couchée, léger et rapide avec soin, à l’hôpital.
6. La petite coupure, de clous ou de bois de gratter sur la plaie de rayures, de verre, de prêter attention à une stérilisation complète après être panser une plaie, afin de prévenir l’infection.
7. Si quelqu’un choc électrique, doit être immédiatement la coupure d’alimentation, avec un bâton de bambou sec, etc. en fil ouvert, si un arrêt cardiaque, choc électrique doit être immédiatement in situ de réanimation cardio – pulmonaire.
8. En transe, somnolence, coma, pas à nourrir, afin de ne pas avaler entravée par l’aspiration et l’asphyxie.
9. Les patients dans le coma sans la capacité à avaler, il convient de leur côté ou une tête de déviation d’un côté, de prévenir, d’aspiration de sécrétions vomi provoquée par suffocation des voies respiratoires.
10. Si au contact de la peau avec des pesticides (organique de phosphore, le dichlorvos, etc.), la note n’est pas disponible de l’eau chaude, de savon (de base) et de l’alcool de nettoyage, sinon il va favorisant l’absorption de poison, empoisonner l’approfondissement.

How to measure the number of breaths

How to measure the number of breaths

How to measure the number of breaths
Respiration is the exchange of gases between human body and environment is a necessary process, human through breathing in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide, in order to maintain the normal physiological functions and life activities. Normal adults breathe 16 to 20 times per minute, and the ratio of the respiratory and the pulse is 1:4, that is, every breath is 4 times. The respiratory rate is 20 to 30 times per minute, and the respiratory rate of the newborn is 44 times per minute.
Measurement method
1 measurement of breath best and measurement of the pulse at the same time. In general, the number of patients with chest and abdomen ups and downs can be. Can also be placed in the patient’s chest or abdomen examination.
2 of critically ill patients, available cotton in its nostrils, fluttering his breath is the number of times of cotton.
Note
1, the speed of breath and spirit is a great relationship, so in the measurement of breathing, should let the patient quiet, don’t talk to the patient, so that the patient’s breathing naturally, in the patient unconsciously measurement.

How to measure the number of breaths1
2 in measurement, to pay attention to the depth of breathing, rhythm and there is no respiratory symptoms. If the breath stops, we should use the mouth to mouth breathing method to rescue.
3 respiratory disease, heart disease, high fever patients.
4, if the drug poisoning, breathing may slow down. If breathing is difficult or snoring, is a signal of danger.
5. If appear the deep breathing, nodding breathing, nasal flap, and exhale thoracic subsidence phenomenon of illness serious, to please consult a doctor.
6, the number of normal breathing is changed with age, in general, the younger the age, the faster the breathing.