Category Archives: Disease control and Prevention

Acute heart attack first aid

Acute heart attack first aid

According to statistics, China has 70% heart patients are unable to get proper and timely rescue died at home or in the field, and how such data is shocking. Heart attack suddenly, first aid must race against time, if the heart stops for 20 seconds, people will lose consciousness; 1 minute later stopped breathing; after 4-6 minutes of oxygen will cause irreversible damage to the brain and causes death, it is necessary to learn some basic first aid skills.

1, acute myocardial infarction
Acute myocardial infarction is a common symptom of heart disease, the patient of the pain the same as angina, symptoms and consequences much more serious than angina. Long duration of acute myocardial infarction, severe, patients definitely have to rest in bed, loose neckline, keep quiet and air ventilation. If a condition of the oxygen. Patients can sublingual nitroglycerin 1 piece or Isosorbide dinitrate 1 to 2 tablets, and immediately call a first-aid center. It is noteworthy that when patients do not take the bus or help a patient walk to hospitals, prevent exacerbations.
2, heart failure
Sudden breathing difficulties of patients with congestive heart failure, the patient must have a quiet rest, preferably half-lying position, two-foot drop, is eligible for an immediate oxygen, patients with heart failure will not be given, should be sent to hospital for medical treatment as soon as possible.
3, transient shock
Brief shock patients in four minutes without oxygen, and prone to sudden death phenomenon for more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery. Patients should be gently down on the bed to increase blood flow, and let the patient sublingual Isosorbide dinitrate or lean upon pills and other drugs. Rhythmically tapping the heart with his fist, tap 2 to 3 times in a row, fists raised off the chest of 20 to 30 cm, rap makes the heart is stimulated, then artificial respiration, if conditional can let patients with oxygen.
Cardiac arrest, 4
No matter what the causes of respiratory and cardiac arrest patients, is the most dangerous man of life, are most in need of emergency assistance. The brain needs a lot of oxygen, breathing and heartbeat stopped, soon hypoxia of the brain, within 4 minutes, with half the brain cells are damaged; if patients in disease outbreaks within 4 minutes, can be effective first-aid measures, recovery rate of 50%, that 4 minute is called life-saving “Gold 4 minutes.” For more than 5 minutes and then the purpose of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, only one-fourth people might save every minute, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation success rate will drop from 7% to 10%, if more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation the patient must first lie, must be in a hard place, there was no problem in the ground, tapping his chest rhythmically with his fists hard left nipple inside (the heart), tapping two or three times in a row, fist raised 20~30 cm in the chest, after tapping, cardiac stimulation, can sometimes restore autonomy to beat. And then immediately the mouth-to-mouth and chest compressions, using manual methods for loop, each after 15 heart compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
Patients at the time of onset, before the heart stops beating to lose consciousness for a few seconds, try to save themselves, don’t hesitate to cough and cough can stimulate the heart just stopped, back beat. There are many types of heart disease, heart attack first aid measures are different, only master correct heart first aid can be in times of crisis to save a patient’s life.

First aid for patients with acute myocardial infarction

First aid for patients with acute myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction is a sharp decrease or interruption of coronary blood supply, leading to severe acute myocardial ischemia, cause myocardial necrosis of the disease, often occur in the elderly over 40 years of age, of which the male incidence is higher than women. The disease is accompanied by hypertension, angina, obesity, diabetes, etc.. The most common wells in the disease are heart failure, cardiac shock and cardiac arrhythmia.
Main symptoms
Myocardial infarction occurs, the patient felt a sudden severe precordial pain, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, melancholy sense, complexion is cadaverous, limbs, hair cool, thready and rapid pulse, serious will happen shock. If not timely rescue, the patient often died within 2 hours after onset.
Interest saving method
1. Myocardial infarction occurred during the first few hours is the most dangerous period, should according to the illness makes the patient lying on the bed, on the table or on the floor to rest on the spot, do not move or helped patients to walk. Family members must not panic hectic, prohibited immediately move, but should be notified as soon as the doctor came to the rescue.
1 to the patient’s tongue containing 1 – 2 or 2 pieces of nitrite, with a handkerchief after crushing to the patient’s nose can also be taken by the mouth of the crown and the heart of the Su Wan Wan Wan Wan 1 or 10 pills, while 5 mg of diazepam tablets.
. to observe the changes of the patient’s pulse and respiration, consciousness, once with a weak pulse, heartbeat can’t hear, breathing stops should be immediately chest cardiac massage and mouth to mouth resuscitation until adhere to the doctor to come.

How to clean the bath with alcohol

How to clean the bath with alcohol
The body of the patient with alcohol, alcohol, the evaporation of the body away from the heat of the body and to reduce the heat, this method is also known as the physical cooling method.
Rub bath method
Alcohol sponge bath cooling, sponge bath before the first to use ice packs placed at the head of the patient, to help cool, and can prevent a sponge bath when superficial vascular contraction, blood is concentrated in the head caused by too much congestion of the brain. Immersed in a small gauze 30% ~ 50% alcohol 200 ~ 300 ml, from the side of the neck to rub the back of the back of the upper arm, and then from the same side of the chest with the palm of the hand to rub the palm of the hand from the hip along the thigh to the foot, and then from the groin along the medial side of the thigh. Rub in the big blood vessels in the place such as the groin, armpit place focus massage, promote blood vessel expansion in order to heat. Rub the other side with the same method. Finally help the patient clean the back and limbs. Limbs, back rub 5 minutes. The same as 15-20 minutes when the whole body is clean. Towel dry skin after bath towel.
Note
1 high fever, chills or sweating with the children, generally should not use rubbing alcohol. Because the chills when the skin capillaries in the state of contraction, less heat dissipation, such as reoccupy cold alcohol stimulation causes the blood vessels contract more, skin blood flow reduced, thus impeding the body heat of the sporadic.
2. High fever without chills and no sweat in children with alcohol sponge bath cooling can receive a certain effect, but should avoid catching cold and pneumonia. A site was once exposed, all parts can’t wipe exposed a part of. And in the process, because the skin is very fast cooling, can cause peripheral vasoconstriction and blood stasis. Must massage the patient limbs and trunk, in order to promote blood circulation, speed up the heat.
3 general should not be in the chest and abdomen for alcohol rub bath, so as to avoid internal organs and organs, causing discomfort and complicated by other diseases. Such as chest rub can cause reflex bradycardic rub abdominal catch cold catch cold, can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps and abdominal pain, wipe the occiput posterior can regulate heartbeat, respiration, blood pressure central, if too cold will cause serious consequences I soles of the feet of cold sensitive. Wipe with alcohol can cause heat production increase, the impact of heat.
How cold
Cold compress can make local capillary contraction, reduce local vascular congestion, inflammation, bleeding, pain, inflammation and purulent control, lower the body temperature.
Cold compress method
The cold way has two a is ice cold, in ice packs mounted L / 2 or 1 / 3 bag of crushed ice or cold water, to exhaust the air inside the bag, clip the bag is clamped on the patient’s forehead, armpit, thigh root, no ice, with a plastic bag. If used to reduce body temperature, but also can be used in a towel or gauze wrapped in ice. Another is wet and cold compress method, the towel or distribute soaked in cold water or ice water, wring dry after the defeat in the affected area, it is best to use 2 piece of cloth used interchangeably. 3 minutes every 5 minutes to replace a coating, a total of 15-20 minutes. Cold can be carried out in the back, limbs, Po fossa, fossa and groin, use dry towel after dressing at.
Note
1 cold, to observe the local skin color, check whether local spots appear red or gray. When the skin appears blue, burning, numbness to immediately stop. The cold time should not be too long, so as not to affect the blood circulation. Not old, young, weak patient body cold.
2 cold, for a long time, so it becomes hot towel or spread, will lose the therapeutic effect, so often needs to change.
. contusion, laceration of muscles and internal bleeding disease patients, available at the start of the cold, 2-3 days in the recovery period, local edema formation, in order to promote blood circulation, should use hot compress.
4. The hot and cold compresses the two wet compress to according to the different condition and choose to use, but also to remember the treatment principle of different.
5., ear pillow ministry, scrotal skin is thin, small amount of blood circulation, cold easily form frostbite; measles in children with disabling whole body cryotherapy antipyretic, due to cold stimulation will make vasoconstriction of the peripheral circulation reduce, cause rashes plummeted. Because of rash is in the process of fever and sweating in fever vascular extension have to rash all through and toxins excluded, and therefore should not be the systemic application of cryotherapy.