Acute heart attack first aid
According to statistics, China has 70% heart patients are unable to get proper and timely rescue died at home or in the field, and how such data is shocking. Heart attack suddenly, first aid must race against time, if the heart stops for 20 seconds, people will lose consciousness; 1 minute later stopped breathing; after 4-6 minutes of oxygen will cause irreversible damage to the brain and causes death, it is necessary to learn some basic first aid skills.
1, acute myocardial infarction
Acute myocardial infarction is a common symptom of heart disease, the patient of the pain the same as angina, symptoms and consequences much more serious than angina. Long duration of acute myocardial infarction, severe, patients definitely have to rest in bed, loose neckline, keep quiet and air ventilation. If a condition of the oxygen. Patients can sublingual nitroglycerin 1 piece or Isosorbide dinitrate 1 to 2 tablets, and immediately call a first-aid center. It is noteworthy that when patients do not take the bus or help a patient walk to hospitals, prevent exacerbations.
2, heart failure
Sudden breathing difficulties of patients with congestive heart failure, the patient must have a quiet rest, preferably half-lying position, two-foot drop, is eligible for an immediate oxygen, patients with heart failure will not be given, should be sent to hospital for medical treatment as soon as possible.
3, transient shock
Brief shock patients in four minutes without oxygen, and prone to sudden death phenomenon for more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery. Patients should be gently down on the bed to increase blood flow, and let the patient sublingual Isosorbide dinitrate or lean upon pills and other drugs. Rhythmically tapping the heart with his fist, tap 2 to 3 times in a row, fists raised off the chest of 20 to 30 cm, rap makes the heart is stimulated, then artificial respiration, if conditional can let patients with oxygen.
Cardiac arrest, 4
No matter what the causes of respiratory and cardiac arrest patients, is the most dangerous man of life, are most in need of emergency assistance. The brain needs a lot of oxygen, breathing and heartbeat stopped, soon hypoxia of the brain, within 4 minutes, with half the brain cells are damaged; if patients in disease outbreaks within 4 minutes, can be effective first-aid measures, recovery rate of 50%, that 4 minute is called life-saving “Gold 4 minutes.” For more than 5 minutes and then the purpose of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, only one-fourth people might save every minute, cardio-pulmonary resuscitation success rate will drop from 7% to 10%, if more than 10 minutes then there is little hope of recovery.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation the patient must first lie, must be in a hard place, there was no problem in the ground, tapping his chest rhythmically with his fists hard left nipple inside (the heart), tapping two or three times in a row, fist raised 20~30 cm in the chest, after tapping, cardiac stimulation, can sometimes restore autonomy to beat. And then immediately the mouth-to-mouth and chest compressions, using manual methods for loop, each after 15 heart compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
Patients at the time of onset, before the heart stops beating to lose consciousness for a few seconds, try to save themselves, don’t hesitate to cough and cough can stimulate the heart just stopped, back beat. There are many types of heart disease, heart attack first aid measures are different, only master correct heart first aid can be in times of crisis to save a patient’s life.